8 de março de 2015

Peru adota Compensação Ambiental

Protected areas as long-term ecological compensation sites within Peru's evolving policy

Shansho peru madre de dios jungle amazon environmental compensation
In December 2014 Peru's Ministry of the Environment made a major policy announcement in a ministerial resolution that established guidelines for developers to offset the impacts of their projects. The policy was several years in the making and the product of exhaustive analysis on the part of ministry staff and important policy support from CSF and several other organizations, including the Peruvian Society for Environmental Law, The Nature Conservancy and the Wildlife Conservation Society.
Now CSF and our partners are collaborating with the ministry in the implementation of case studies to test the guidelines. Four infrastructure projects have been selected for the cases, ranging from waterways and hydroelectric projects in Loreto, and a road and an oil concession in Madre de Dios. The cases entail analyses of the baseline information, estimation of the biodiversity losses resulting from project impacts, identification of residual losses after mitigation actions, identification of compensation sites that ensure no biodiversity loss, GIS modeling of opportunity costs for the implementation of the compensation sites (focus on adjacent protected areas), estimation of the costs of implementing the environmental compensation in the selected locations, and design of the financial mechanisms to ensure that resources are available for implementing the compensation actions while the impacts last.
This information will be integrated into model compensation plans for each of the cases. The cases will, in turn, provide lessons that will be extracted to develop general guidance on: methodologies for the identification of equivalent areas for environmental compensation focusing on protected areas; recommendations for the integration in EIAs of the necessary information to sustain no net biodiversity loss in environmental compensation plans; tools to estimate the management costs of compensation plans cost-effectively and maximizing conservation outcomes; and recommendations for financial mechanisms that ensure resource availability over the projects’ life.
With this input MINAM will be able to design standards for infrastructure projects in a way that maximizes conservation and cost-effectiveness.
The Biodiversity Consultancy and Wildlife Conservation Society
are partners that provide ecological expertise to this project, which is funded by a grant from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation.